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一揽子举措待发长江经济带蓄势新发展
2020-01-08 00:40  www.281unionave.com

  在推动长江经济带发展座谈会召开即将四周年之际,上海、江苏等沿江11省市纷纷晒出成绩单,生态环境保护修复、综合立体交通走廊建设、转型升级绿色发展、体制机制改革创新等各个方面取得积极进展,共抓大保护格局进一步巩固,创新绿色发展为万里长江注入新活力。2020年长江经济带发展迎来成效检验关键之年,《经济参考报》记者获悉,国家发展改革委等相关部门在生态保护、绿色发展等方面还将酝酿推出一揽子新举措,一条激荡发展新动能的黄金经济带正浩荡前行。

On the occasion of the upcoming Fourth Anniversary of the Forum on Promoting the Development of the Yangtze Economic Belt,11 provinces and cities along the Yangtze River, including Shanghai and Jiangsu, have made positive progress in various aspects, such as the conservation and restoration of the ecological environment, the construction of a comprehensive three-dimensional transportation corridor, the transformation and upgrading of green development, and the reform and innovation of the system and mechanism. In 2020, the yangtze economic belt will have a key year to test its achievements, the economic reference reporter learned that the national development and reform commission and other relevant departments in ecological protection, green development and other aspects will be prepared to launch a package of new measures, a new momentum of development of the gold economic belt is moving forward.

  被誉为“金腰带”的长江经济带,横跨我国东、中、西部,覆盖上海、江苏、浙江、安徽、江西、湖北、湖南、重庆、四川、云南和贵州11省市,人口和经济总量占全国比重均超过40%。推动长江经济带发展,是关系国家发展全局的重大战略。2016年1月5日在重庆召开的推动长江经济带发展座谈会,以及2018年4月在武汉召开的座谈会,系统谋划重大举措,为推动长江经济带发展把脉定向。

Known as the \"golden belt\" of the Yangtze River economic belt, across the east, middle, west of China, covering Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Chongqing, Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou 11 provinces and cities, the total population and economic share of more than 40% of the country. Promoting the development of the Yangtze River economic belt is a major strategy related to the overall situation of national development. The symposium on promoting the development of the Yangtze economic belt, held in Chongqing on January 5,2016, and the symposium held in Wuhan in April 2018, systematically planned major initiatives to orient the development of the Yangtze economic belt.

  四年来,从巴山蜀水到江南水乡,生态优先、绿色发展的理念生根发芽,长江经济带生态保护和经济发展成效显著。

In the past four years, the concept of ecological priority and green development has taken root, and the ecological protection and economic development of the Yangtze economic belt have achieved remarkable results.

  刚刚过去的2019年,是长江经济带工作力度最大、解决问题最多的一年:将生态环境突出问题整改作为重中之重,紧盯问题清单,有力推进长江岸线清理整治。

Just past 2019, the Yangtze River economic belt work is the most intensive, the most problem-solving year: ecological environment prominent issues as the top priority, focus on the list of issues, vigorously promote the Yangtze River shoreline clean-up.

  数据显示,截至2019年12月中下旬,163个生态环境突出问题已完成整改115个;沿江11省市累计搬改关化工企业958家,其中长江干流、重要支流岸线1公里范围内的化工企业有44家;搬出和转移禁养区内的水产养殖规模达万亩;已有579座尾矿库完成闭库……

Data show that by the middle and late December 2019,163 outstanding ecological and environmental problems have been rectified 115; along the Yangtze River 11 provinces and cities a total of 958 chemical enterprises, including the Yangtze River main stream, important tributaries within 1 km of the coastline of 44 chemical enterprises; move out and transfer prohibited areas of aquaculture scale of 10,000 mu; has completed 579 tailings reservoir closed.

  如今,长江一些重要生态指标呈现积极变化,区域经济发展步伐更加稳健,环境保护与经济发展形成良性互动。

Nowadays, some important ecological indicators of the Yangtze River show positive changes, the pace of regional economic development is more steady, and environmental protection and economic development form a benign interaction.

  数据显示,截至2019年11月底,长江两岸完成造林绿化1318万亩。2019年1至11月,长江经济带优良水质比例达到%,同比上升个百分点,优于全国平均水平个百分点;劣V类比例为%,同比下降个百分点,优于全国平均水平个百分点。前三季度,沿江11省市地区生产总值达万亿元,同比增长%,高于全国平均增速个百分点,经济总量占比持续提升。

The data showed that by the end of November 2019,13.18 million mu of afforestation had been completed on both sides of the Yangtze River. From January to November 2019, the proportion of good water quality in the Yangtze economic belt reached%, up a percentage point from the same period last year, better than the national average, and the proportion of inferior V category was%, down a percentage point from the same period last year, better than the national average. In the first three quarters, the GDP of the 11 provinces and municipalities along the river reached trillion yuan, an increase of% over the same period last year, a percentage point higher than the national average growth rate, and the proportion of the total economic volume continued to rise.

  以湖北宜昌为例,破解“化工围江”,对重化工污染企业“关改搬转”,进行产业转型升级推动绿色发展,是宜昌高质量发展的关键一招。截至2019年底,宜昌累计关停化工企业38家,52家就地改造企业完成技改项目59个,18家搬迁入园企业完成搬迁项目开工建设,7家企业转入非化工项目。

Taking Hubei Yichang as an example, cracking the \"chemical industry around the river \",\" turning to the heavy chemical pollution enterprises\" and carrying out industrial transformation and upgrading to promote green development, is a key move for the high quality development of Yichang. By the end of 2019, Yichang has closed down 38 chemical enterprises,52 local transformation enterprises have completed 59 technical innovation projects,18 relocation enterprises have completed relocation projects to start construction, and 7 enterprises have been transferred to non-chemical projects.

  2019年1至10月,宜昌市规模以上化工企业80家,完成工业总产值亿元,较上年同期增长%,精细化工产业比重占到35%,较2016年提高个百分点,化工产业进入精细化、高端化、绿色化、循环化、国际化发展。

From January to October 2019, there were 80 chemical enterprises above the scale of Yichang City, with a total industrial output value of 100 million yuan, up% from the same period last year, and the proportion of fine chemical industry accounted for 35%, up by a percentage point from 2016.

  四年来,长江经济带沿线省市以共抓大保护、不搞大开发为导向,以生态优先、绿色发展为引领,着力强化创新驱动转型升级,不断培育经济发展新动能和对外开放新优势。长江经济带已经成为引领我国经济高质量发展的生力军。

In the past four years, the provinces and municipalities along the Yangtze economic belt have taken the direction of joint efforts to protect and not engage in major development, and taken ecological priority and green development as their guide. The Yangtze economic belt has become a new force leading the high-quality development of our economy.

  创新绿色发展的成果正在多地显现:成都近年来在高新技术产业上持续发力,2018年国家高新技术企业突破3000家,净增超500家,全市高新技术产业总产值首次突破1万亿元,同比增长%;上海崇明岛围绕打造世界级生态岛,积极探索人与自然和谐共生新路径,实现农村生活污水处理、生态垃圾分类闭环处置全覆盖,“候鸟天堂”建设取得新进展;贵州省加快发展大数据,打造大数据应用千亿级产业链;合肥建设具有全球影响力的综合性国家科学中心,多层次创新体系加快构建。

The achievements of innovative green development are showing in many places: Chengdu has made continuous efforts in the high-tech industry in recent years, with 3000 high-tech enterprises in 2018, with a net increase of more than 500, and the total output value of the city's high-tech industries exceeding 1 trillion yuan for the first time, a year-on-year increase of%; Shanghai Chongming Island has made great efforts to create a world-class ecological island, actively explore a new path of harmonious symbiosis between man and nature, realize the rural domestic sewage treatment and ecological garbage classification closed-loop disposal, and make new progress in the construction of \"migratory bird paradise \"; Guizhou Province has accelerated the development of big data and created a large data application-grade industrial chain; Hefei has built a comprehensive national science center with global influence, and made rapid construction of multi-level innovation system.

  尽管长江经济带已取得多方面积极进展,但国家发展改革委基础司有关负责人坦言,高质量发展仍面临不少困难和挑战。其中,长江生态环境形势依然严峻,各类污染物排放量仍然较大,岸线资源过度开发,水生生物资源衰退的趋势并未根本性扭转等问题仍需关注。此外,多式联运、江海联运发展水平仍然较低,以港口为节点的综合运输枢纽“最后一公里”亟须打通。资金投入压力较大,共抓长江大保护合力仍不够等问题也存在。

Although the Yangtze economic belt has made many positive progress, the head of the basic department of the National Development and Reform Commission admitted that high-quality development still faces many difficulties and challenges. Among them, the ecological environment situation of the Yangtze River is still severe, the discharge of pollutants of all kinds is still relatively large, the overexploitation of shoreline resources and the decline trend of aquatic biological resources have not been fundamentally reversed, and so on. In addition, the development level of multimodal and river-sea intermodal transport is still low, and the \"last kilometer\" of integrated transport hub with port as the node needs to be opened urgently. The pressure of capital investment, joint efforts to protect the Yangtze River is still not enough and so on.

  要推动长江经济带绿色发展,就要破除体制机制不健全的障碍,用创新的思维和改革的办法来补齐短板,激活发展动力。进入2020年,长江经济带发展也进入成效验收的关键之年,新的时间表任务书已列出:将继续狠抓生态环境系统性保护修复;深入推进黄金水道建设,加快推进沿江高铁、枢纽机场、长江干线港口铁水联运、省际待贯通公路等一批项目建设;构建和完善长江经济带创新生态链条,推动产业转型绿色发展试点示范;2020年,沿江高铁将全线开通,力争干流沿线污水处理设施全覆盖……一幅万里长江绿色发展的更美画卷正徐徐展开。

To promote the green development of the Yangtze economic belt, we must break down the obstacles of imperfect institutional mechanism, use innovative thinking and reform methods to make up the short board and activate the development impetus. In 2020, the development of the Yangtze economic belt has also entered the key year of the acceptance of results, the new timetable has set out: will continue to pay close attention to the ecological environment system protection and restoration; further promote the construction of golden waterway, speed up the construction of high-speed rail along the Yangtze River, hub airport, Yangtze River trunk port hot metal transport, inter-provincial highway and other projects; build and improve the Yangtze economic belt innovation ecological chain, promote industrial transformation green development pilot demonstration; in 2020, the high-speed rail along the river will be opened, strive for the full coverage of sewage treatment facilities along the main stream. A more beautiful picture of the green development of the Yangtze River is slowly unfolding.

  “长江经济带正从过去的问题初步整改期转向突出问题深度整改阶段和升级建设阶段。”国务院发展研究中心发展战略和区域经济研究部研究员刘云中对《经济参考报》记者表示,未来将加快推进沿江高铁、枢纽机场、铁水联运等立体交通基础设施的建设,另外,成渝城市群以及长江中部城市群中武汉、南昌、合肥、长沙等中心城市也将加速建设,带动经济带各城市协调发展。(孙韶华梁倩)

“The Yangtze River Economic Belt is moving from the initial period of rectification of problems in the past to the stage of deep rectification and upgrading of outstanding problems. Liu Yunzhong, a research fellow at the Development Strategy and Regional Economic Research Department of the Development Research Center of the State Council, told the Economic Reference newspaper that in the future, the construction of three-dimensional transport infrastructure along the Yangtze River, such as high-speed rail, hub airports and iron-water transport, will be accelerated. (Sun Shaohua, Leung Qian)